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Aerobic Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Dehydrogenative Heck Reaction in the Synthesis of Pyrenyl Fluorophores. A Photophysical Study of beta-Pyrenyl Acrylates in Solution and in the Solid State

Piotrowicz, M; Zakrzewski, J; Metivier, R; Brosseau, A; Makal, A; Wozniak, K JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 2015, 80, 2573-2581.

Références :

JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 2015, 80, 2573-2581.

Auteur(s) : 

Piotrowicz, M; Zakrzewski, J; Metivier, R; Brosseau, A; Makal, A; Wozniak, K

An aerobic dehydrogenative Heck reaction of pyrene (1a) and 2,7-di-tert-butylpyrene (1b) with ethyl acrylate is reported. The reaction is catalyzed by a Pd(OAc)2/4,5-diazafluoren-9-one (DAF) system and takes place in acetic or pivalic acid as solvents at 110-130 degrees C. The reaction of 1a afforded a 6:1 mixture of C-1- and C-4-alkenylated pyrenes (2a and 3a, respectively) in 71% yield. In the case of 1b, only a C-4-substituted product (3b) was formed in 46% yield. Compounds 2a and 3a,b exhibited fluorescence in solution and in the solid state. In chloroform and THF solution the fluorescence maxima were in the range of 440-465 nm, and quantum yields decreased in the order 2a > 3a> 3b. In the solid state, 3a,b showed blue-green fluorescence (Phi(F) = 0.26 and 0.14, respectively), whereas 2a emitted yellow-green fluorescence) (Phi(F) = 0.35). Besides blue-emitting monomers, the presence of green-emitting aggregated species (preformed dimers) in the crystals of 3a,b and red-emitting dynamic excimers in the crystals of 2a has been demonstrated. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses of 2a and 3b confirmed pi-stacking of pyrenyl moieties in the crystals of the former and the absence of stacking in the crystals of the latter compound.

Illustration Article Piotrowicz
Type :
Publication
Dates :
Paru le 2 février 2015
Informations complémentaires :

DOI: 10.1021/jo502619k


 

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