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Intrinsic Evaluation of n/gamma Discrimination in Plastic Scintillators

Blanc, P; Hamel, M; Rocha, L; Pansu, RB; Gobert, F; Lampre, I; Normand, S IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE 2014, 61, 1995-2005.

Références :

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE 2014, 61, 1995-2005.

Auteur(s) : 

Blanc, P; Hamel, M; Rocha, L; Pansu, RB; Gobert, F; Lampre, I; Normand, S

This paper is devoted to characterizing plastic scintillators with neutron/gamma (n/gamma) discrimination abilities and understanding experimentally the photophysical processes down-stream. This experimental work is divided into two main studies, neutron sources irradiations and optical photoionization of a range of organic scintillators. Commercial liquid and plastic scintillators, respectively BC-501A from Saint-Gobain and EJ-200 from Eljen Technologies, are used as references in terms of respectively extremely high [C. Guerrero, et al., "Analysis of the BC-501A Neutron Detector Signals Using the True Pulse Shape," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A, Accel. Spectrom. Detect. Assoc. Equip., vol. 597, no. 23, pp. 212-218, 2008] and very poor discrimination efficient scintillators. We have developed a plastic scintillator [P. Blanc et al., "Neutron/Gamma Pulse Shape Discrimination in Plastic Scintillators: Preparation and Characterization of Various Compositions," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A, vol. 750, pp. 1-11, Jun. 2014] that shows good discrimination efficiency when compared to plastics that discriminate from literature. We have demonstrated that by exciting with a 70 femtoseconds pulsed laser with energies up to 50 mu J at 260 nm, it was possible to simulate nuclear interactions with matter. As a result of the photoionization, we observed a time-delayed light emission when a sufficient energy deposition was optically achieved on a discriminating plastic and none when the plastic showed no discrimination properties. This work is ongoing at CEA in collaboration with the nuclear measurement industry AREVA/Canberra and the Laboratoire de Chimie Physique from Orsay University.

Type :
Publication
Dates :
Paru le 31 juillet 2014
Informations complémentaires :

DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2014.2327292


 

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