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Violet-to-blue tunable emission of aryl-substituted dispirofluorene-indenofluorene isomers by conformationally-controllable intramolecular excimer formation

D. Thirion, C. Poriel, R. Métivier, J. Rault-Berthelot, F. Barrière and O. Jeannin. Chemistry – A European Journal, 2011, 17, 37, 10272-10287

Références :

Chemistry – A European Journal, 2011, 17, 37, 10272-10287

Auteur(s) : 

D. Thirion, C. Poriel, R. Métivier, J. Rault-Berthelot, F. Barrière and O. Jeannin.

Two series of DiSpiroFluorene–IndenoFluorene (DSF-IF) positional isomers, namely dispiro[2,7-diarylfluorene-9′,6,9′′,12-indeno[1,2-b]fluorenes], (1,2-b)-DSF-IFs 1 and dispiro[2,7-diarylfluorene-9′,6,9′′,12-indeno[2,1-a]fluorenes], (2,1-a)-DSF-IFs 2 have been synthesized. These violet-to-blue fluorescent emitters possess a 3π-2spiro architecture, which combines via two spiro links two different indenofluorene cores, that is, (1,2-b)-IF or (2,1-a)-IF and 2,7-substituted-diaryl-fluorene units. Due to their different geometric profiles, the two families of positional isomers present drastically different properties. The marked difference observed between the properties of (1,2-b)-DSF-IF (1) and (2,1-a)-DSF-IF (2) is discussed in terms of intramolecular π–π interactions occurring in (2,1-a)-DSF-IF (2) leading to conformationally-controllable intramolecular excimer formation. Indeed, the original geometry of the (2,1-a)-DSF-IF (2) family, with face-to-face “aryl-fluorene-aryl” moieties, leads to remarkable excimer emission through intramolecular π–π interactions in the excited state. Furthermore, the emission wavelengths can be gradually modulated by the control of the steric hindrance between the adjacent substituted phenyl rings. Thus, through a comparative and detailed study of the 1H NMR, electrochemical and photophysical properties of DSF-IFs 1 and 2, we have evidenced the intramolecular π–π interactions occurring between the two “aryl-fluorene-aryl” moieties in the ground state and in the excited state. These properties have been finally correlated to the spectacular conformational change modeled by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Indeed, the two “aryl-fluorene-aryl” moieties switch from a staggered conformation in the ground state to an eclipsed conformation in the first excited state.

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Paru le 8 août 2011
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DOI: 10.1002/chem.201100971


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